Library of Congress spotlights books, maps, photos on the history, politics and culture of Armenia

As Armenia celebrates the 30th anniversary of independence, the Library of Congress spotlights the plenty of books, periodicals, newspapers, maps and photographs on the history, politics and culture of Armenia.

September 21 marks the 30th anniversary of Armenia’s Independence from the Soviet Union. The day in 1991 was the second time Armenia declared independence in the 20th century. The foundations of statehood were laid during the short-lived First Republic established on May 28, 1918, before the Bolshevik takeover in 1920.

The Library of Congress has a wealth of books, periodicals, newspapers, maps and photographs on the history, politics and culture of Armenia and its expansive diaspora communities. A significant part of the Armenian-language material is held in the African and Middle Eastern Division (AMED).

The Library has shared an illustration from a book published in Soviet Armenia (1961) depicting Armenian epic hero David of Sassoun from AMED’s Armenian Rarities Collection; a plan of Armenia’s capital Yerevan (1920) during the First Republic from the Geography and Maps Division, and an image of Armenian women sewing shirts for the army (1918) from the Prints and Photographs Division.


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Top Armenian diplomat to meet OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs in NYC

Top Armenian diplomat to meet OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs in NYC

September 21, 2021 – 17:17 AMT

PanARMENIAN.Net – Armenian Foreign Minister Ararat Mirzoyan will meet with the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group in New York in the coming days, the Foreign Ministry reports.

The Minsk Group is co-chaired by Russia, France and the United States, with diplomats from the three countries mandated to help the sides to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict find a peaceful resolution.

Mirzoyan will travel to the United States on Tuesday, September 21 to participate in the 76th session of the UN General Assembly. The Armenian foreign policy chief is also expected to hold bilateral meetings on the sidelines of the session.

UNGA 76 opened on September 14, but the first day of the high-level General Debate will be on September 21.

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US committed to helping the sides negotiate a long-term political settlement of the Karabakh conflict – Blinken

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has sent best wishes to the people of Armenia on the 30th anniversary of independence.

“In the three decades since Armenia rejected oppressive communist rule and declared independence from the Soviet Union, the United States and Armenia have developed a strong partnership based on respect for human rights, the rule of law, and democratic institutions.  We appreciate Armenia’s dedication to both these shared values and to its international commitments that play such a vital role toward strengthening peace and stability in the region,” Blinken said in a message.

“We value the important contributions that Armenian-Americans have made that enrich communities across the United States and add to our nation’s vibrancy.  These cultural connections and our people-to-people ties continue to strengthen the bond between our nations,” he added.

As a co-chair of the OSCE Minsk Group, the United States remains committed to helping the sides negotiate a long-term political settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and address the humanitarian impact of the fighting, including the release of all detainees, accounting for those missing, and the full and expeditious exchange of remains,” the Secretary of State said.

“On this important day, we congratulate Armenia and look forward to building upon our strong bilateral relationship,” he concluded.


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U.S. urges Armenia-Azerbaijan dialogue amid mounting tensions

U.S. urges Armenia-Azerbaijan dialogue amid mounting tensions

September 21, 2021 – 15:53 AMT

PanARMENIAN.Net – The situation on a key interstate road in Armenia’s Syunik province makes the need for negotiations and discussions between Armenia and Azerbaijan more vivid, U.S. Ambassador to Yerevan Lynne Tracy said in an interview with the Public Television on Monday, September 20.

Tracy’s remarks came amid months-long tensions on the border with Azerbaijan and the latter’s incursion into the sovereign territory of Armenia since mid-May. In recent weeks, Azerbaijan has at least once blocked the road – which in the aftermath of the Second Karabakh War now passes through Azer-controlled areas – as well as started collecting money from Iranian truck drivers transporting goods to Armenia.

Citing the capabilities of the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairmanship, Tracy said the U.S. is also open to other platforms if it can play a role in resolving the situation. According to her, the demarcation and delimitation of the border is especially important.

The ambassador said the process is going to be a difficult one, which will take time and dedicated work to achieve the desired outcome.

Azerbaijani forces violated Armenia’s border in several sections in the provinces of Syunik and Gegharkunik on May 12 and 13 and are still refusing to withdraw their troops from the area. Since then, almost a dozen Armenian servicemen have been killed in Azerbaijan’s shooting, a dozen others have been wounded, while six troops were captured on May 27, although four of them have already returned home.

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Artsakh’s Arayik Harutyunyan visits Armenia’s First President Levon Ter-Petrosyan

President of the Artsakh Republic Arayik Harutyunyan visited the first President of the Republic of Armenia Levon Ter-Petrosyan in Yerevan to congratulate him on the 30th anniversary of Armenia.

The interlocutors discussed issues related to the recent developments in Artsakh, the clarification of tits international status and the efforts in that direction.


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Iran’s Raisi congratulates Armenia on Independence Day, hails the level of bilateral ties

Iran’s President Ebrahim Raisi has congratulated Armenian Prime Minister and the people of Armenia on Independence Day.

“It is gratifying that in the past years the mutually beneficial relations between the two neighboring countries, the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Armenia, have progressed, developed in quantitative and qualitative terms. However, in regional and global conditions, the two countries’ great potential has given greater impetus to the deepening of bilateral relations and necessitated the implementation of previously reached agreements, redoubled efforts, the discovery of new areas of cooperation and the strengthening of structural ties between the two countries, especially in the fields of transportation and energy,” Mr. Reisi said in a message to Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan.

He said it was no coincidence that the new governments of the two countries started their activity in the same period, and voiced hope that due to the diligence and vigilance of the parties and the efforts of the respective bodies of the two countries it would be possible to reach significant achievements in terms of regional security and stability, and reinforcement of interests of the two friendly peoples.


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Armenia celebrates 30 years of independence

Armenia celebrates 30 years of independence

September 21, 2021 – 12:22 AMT

PanARMENIAN.Net – On September 21, Armenians throughout the world are celebrating the 30th anniversary of Armenia’s independence.

With a unanimous national vote 30 years ago, the third Republic of Armenia was born on September 21, 1991, to give the Armenian people the right to build their future, be the masters of their land and regain statehood.

On September 21, 1991, a referendum on Armenia’s secession from the USSR was held, with 94.99% of the people voting for an independent and democratic Armenia.

Two days later, Armenia’s Central Electoral Commission released the referendum results: 2,056,792 (94.39%) of Armenia’s 2,163,967 voters had taken part in the voting, with 2,042,617 voting for Armenia’s independence.

Based on the referendum results, Armenia’s Supreme Council declared independent Armenia on September 23, 1991.

This year, the nation is marking the important anniversary while also recovering from the devastating war unleashed by Azerbaijan against Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) on September 27, 2020. After a trilateral statement was signed to end the war, the Armenian side returned all the regions surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh, having lost a part of Karabakh itself in hostilities.

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Spanish La Liga congratulates Armenia on Independence Day

The Spanish La Liga has congratulated Armenia on Independence Day. It has shared a video of Armenia international Varazdat Haroyan congratulating Armenia on 30th anniversary of Armenia’s Independence.

Cadiz announced the signing of Haroyan from Astana in May on a two-year contract, with Astana confirming his departure from their club on 24 June 2021. He made his La Liga debut for Cadiz, starting in a 1-1 draw against Levante on 14 August 2021.


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European Court finds the freedom of expression of Armenian Haykakan Zhamanak daily was violated in 2008

In today’s Chamber judgment1 in the case of Dareskizb Ltd v. Armenia, the European Court of Human Rights held, unanimously, that there had been a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression), of the European Convention on Human Rights, and a violation of Article 6 § 1 (right to a fair trial).

The case concerned actions by State authorities during a state of emergency following a presidential election in 2008, during which the applicant company was prevented from publishing its newspaper, Haykakan Zhamanak. It also concerned the court proceedings that followed.

Armenia’s incumbent Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan was the editor-in-chief of Haykakan Zhamanak daily at the time and held the post until 2012.

The Court found in particular that the restriction on publication had had no purpose other than to limit criticism of the Government and had thus gone against the core of the right to freedom of expression as protected under the Convention.

It furthermore found that the Administrative Court’s refusal to hear the applicant company’s case, claiming jurisdictional issues, had specifically denied the applicant company access to a court.

The Court ruled that the respondent State is to pay the applicant company, within three months from the date on which the judgment becomes final in accordance with Article 44 § 2 of the Convention, EUR 9,000, plus any tax that may be chargeable, in respect of non-pecuniary damage, to be converted into the currency of the respondent State at the rate applicable at the date of settlement.

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Russia’s Putin congratulates Armenian leaders on Independence Day

Russian President Vladimir Putin sent congratulatory messages to the President of the Republic of Armenia, Armen Sarkissian, and Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of Armenia’s independence.

President Putin noted that Russia and Armenia are closely cooperating in various sectors and added that constructive partnership has been established with the EAEU, CSTO and CIS.

“Relations with Armenia are based on good traditions of friendship, cultural and spiritual closeness. Their further development in an allied spirit undoubtedly meets the fundamental interests of our fraternal peoples,” the President of Russia emphasized.


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